Duran, Solomon ben Simeon (Rashbash)
- (c.1400-47)North African scholar, son of Simeon ben Tzemah Duran. He was born in Algiers. He joined his father's bet din at an early age and became the head of the yeshivah. His Milhemet Mitzvah is a defence of the Talmud against the accusations made by the apostate Joshua Lorki (Geronimo de Santa Fe).
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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DURAN, SOLOMON BEN SIMEON — (known as RaShBaSh, Hebrew acronym of Rabbi Shelomo ben Shimon; c. 1400–1467), North African rabbinical authority; son of . He was born in algiers , but no details are known of his youth. His education embraced not only rabbinical knowledge but… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
DURAN, ZEMAḤ BEN SOLOMON — (15th century), North African rabbinical authority. Ẓemaḥ, the second son of solomon b. simeon duran , acted together with his brothers Aaron and Simeon as dayyan in algiers . It appears from the sources that he was the most active of them and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
DURAN, SIMEON BEN SOLOMON — (RaShBaSh, Heb. acronym of Rabbi Shimon ben Shelomo ha Sheni ( the Second ); 1438–after 1510), rabbi and author. Simeon, son of solomon b. simeon duran (called RaShBaSh ha Rishon, the First ), was born in Algiers and succeeded his brother Ẓemaḥ… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Simeon ben Zemah Duran — (1361 1444) (Hebrew: שמעון בן צמח דוראן), known as Rashbatz (רשב ץ), was a Rabbinical authority, student of philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, and especially of medicine, which he practised for a number of years at Palma (de Majorca). Biography… … Wikipedia
PUBLIC AUTHORITY — PUBLIC AUTHORITY, in the context of this article, a term referring to an authoritative body composed of representatives of the public – whether appointed or elected by the latter – and entrusted with the duty and power to arrange various matters… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
RESPONSA — (Heb. שְׁאֵלוֹת וּתְשׁוּבוֹת; lit. queries and replies ), a rabbinic term denoting an exchange of letters in which one party consults another on a halakhic matter. Such responsa are already mentioned in the Talmud, which tells of an inquiry… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
INTERPRETATION — This article is arranged according to the following outline: definition of terms bible exegesis substance of bible exegesis in jewish creative interpretation and integrative interpretation … Encyclopedia of Judaism
INFORMERS — (Heb. malshinim, slanderers ; moserim, informers ; delatorim, delators ), informers or slanderers who denounce individual Jews or the Jewish people in general to a foreign ruler. In Talmudic Tradition The attitude of the Talmud toward such… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
AGUNAH — (Heb. עֲגוּנָה; lit. tied, cf. Ruth 1:13), married woman who for whatsoever reason is separated from her husband and cannot remarry, either because she cannot obtain a divorce from him (see divorce ), or because it is unknown whether he is still… … Encyclopedia of Judaism